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Implants

An implant is a flexible tube inserted under the skin of the arm. It releases the hormone progestogen to stop ovulation, thicken cervical mucus to prevent sperm from meeting an egg, and thin the lining of the womb to prevent an egg from implanting.

Advantages:
Works for three years but can be taken out at any time. No other method of contraception is needed for as long as the implant works. Normal level of fertility returns after the implant is removed.

Disadvantages:
Periods are often irregular, much longer or stop completely for at least the first year. Some women gain weight. Other possible side-effects include headaches, spotty skin, mood changes and breast tenderness.

Effectiveness:
Over 99% effective. Some medicines may reduce or compromise the effectiveness of the implant, so women are advised to inform their doctors about having an implant in place.
Implants must be inserted by trained service providers.

Reversibility:
Possible, provided that the implant has been correctly inserted.