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Male Surgical Contraception

Description: Vasectomy (male sterilization) is the only permanent method of contraception for men. It is a safe, simple and effective minor surgical procedure to seal the tubes (called vas deferens) that carry sperm. This stops sperm from being passed into the ejaculated fluid.

Considerations: Vasectomy is a permanent and irreversible method, and should only be adopted by those who either do not want any children or already have the desired number of children.
Vasectomy offers no protection against sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS.

Availability: All MSS main centres and government RHA centres.

Effectiveness: over 99%.

Precaution: Vasectomy is not effective immediately, therefore condoms should be used for the next 25 ejaculations; or the partner must use contraceptives for the next three months.

MSS services include every aspect of the vasectomy process: consultation/counseling, procedure, aftercare and follow-ups.

The procedure is performed by highly trained doctors and is very simple. It is carried out under local anesthetic, involves simple techniques to seal the tubes, and takes 5-10 minutes to complete. No stitches are required and post-operative recovery is very quick.

Post-Operative Instructions:
  • Intercourse, strenuous activity or exercise is to be avoided for 48 hours after the operation.
  • The incision needs to be kept dry for three days. However, the area around the incision may be washed 24 hours after the operation.
  • The clinic, doctor or health worker must be contacted in case of any problem, such as fever, and swelling and pain in the wound.
  • Condoms should be used for the next 25 ejaculations in case the partner is not using any form of contraception.

Myth: – There is loss of libido after the operation.

Fact: – The operation has no effect on male sexual desire.

Myth: – An infection may occur after the operation, which may be dangerous.

Fact: – No infections are developed if the operation is done under hygienic conditions.

Myth: – The operation can be unsuccessful.

Fact: – The operation cannot be unsuccessful. There is a collection of sperm (male seeds) in the ducts that are discharged for three months after the operation. Therefore, contraceptive methods, such as condoms, should be used during this period.