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Description: – An intrauterine device (IUD), also known as a Coil, is inserted/fitted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It works by preventing an egg from being fertilized or implanted in the uterus.
Considerations: The IUD offers no protection from sexually transmitted infections/HIV/AIDS. There is a higher risk of infection for women with more than one sexual partner.
Availability: IUDs must be fitted/inserted by trained service providers. This service is offered by trained service providers at all MSS centres.
Effectiveness: More than 99%.
Myth: – The IUD can get ‘displaced’ to the liver or the brain.
Fact: – An IUD cannot pass through the wall of the uterus if placed by a trained service provider.
Myth: – The abdomen becomes enlarged.
Fact: – The IUD is made of plastic and stays inside the uterus in its original shape. It does not affect the metabolism, and hence does not cause weight gain.
Myth: – Some women think that they will have to bear adverse effects for the next five to ten years in case the IUD does not suit them.
Fact: – An IUD is a very safe contraceptive method with very few side effects. In case of any complication, it can immediately be removed by a trained service provider.
Myth: – An IUD will have permanent adverse effects since it is a long-term method of family planning.
Fact: – Despite being a long-term method of family planning, IUDs are safe contraceptives and do not have any permanent adverse effects.